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Guns of the Wild West
created: 2/6/2024 12:05 PM in GEAR

13 Iconic Guns of the Old West

The guns of the Old West were not just tools for survival but also crucial in shaping the laws, legends, and lifestyles of the time.

From smoke-filled saloons and dusty streets of frontier towns, we’ll uncover the lawmen and outlaws who wielded these iconic firearms.

"In the Wild West, the law of the gun ruled the land, and a man was only as good as his aim and the speed of his draw." - Wild Bill Hickok

13 Firearms That Defined the Old West

The arsenal of the Wild West was diverse and innovative, with each firearm carrying its own story and significance. 

Here, we expand our focus to include a broader range of iconic guns, each contributing to the legend of the Wild West.

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Colt Peacemaker (Colt Single Action Army Revolver)

The Colt Peacemaker, also known as the Colt Single Action Army Revolver, is perhaps the most iconic gun of the Wild West.



Introduced in 1873, this revolver became synonymous with cowboys, lawmen, and outlaws due to its reliability and ease of use. Its single-action mechanism, where the hammer must be manually cocked before each shot, was simple yet effective. 

Legendary figures like Wyatt Earp and Billy the Kid favored the Colt Peacemaker for its accuracy and balance. It's a firearm that played a pivotal role in shaping the law and order of the frontier.

  • Caliber: .45 Colt (other calibers available)
  • Key Features: 7.5-inch barrel, single-action mechanism, six-round cylinder. The Colt Peacemaker, renowned for its balance and accuracy, was a standard sidearm for many in the American West. Its sturdy frame and reliable firing mechanism made it a favorite for both lawmen and outlaws.

Winchester Rifle (Model 1873)

The Winchester Model 1873, often hailed as "The Gun that Won the West," was a favorite among pioneers and settlers. 


This lever-action rifle was admired for its rapid-fire capability and high cartridge capacity, making it ideal for hunting and self-defense. Its introduction in 1873 marked a significant advancement in firearms technology, offering a balance of firepower and portability. 

Renowned for its durability and reliability, the Model 1873 was a common sight in the hands of homesteaders, lawmen, and outlaws alike.

  • Caliber: .44-40 Winchester
  • Key Features: Lever-action, a tubular magazine with a capacity of 15 rounds, 24-inch barrel. The Model 1873 was celebrated for its smooth action and versatility, capable of firing both pistol and rifle cartridges, which was a logistical advantage in the frontier.

Smith & Wesson Model 3

The Smith & Wesson Model 3, introduced in 1870, quickly earned its reputation in the Wild West. 

This top-break revolver was innovative for its time, allowing for faster and safer reloading. It was notably used by lawmen and outlaws, with Jesse James and Wyatt Earp among its famous users. 

The Model 3's powerful .44 caliber rounds and ease of use made it a popular choice in the tumultuous era of the American frontier.

  • Caliber: .44 S&W American
  • Key Features: Top-break design, single-action, six-round cylinder, 8-inch barrel. This revolver was known for its rapid reload capability and was one of the first cartridge revolvers adopted by the U.S. Army.

Sharps Rifle (1874) - Old Reliable

The Sharps Rifle, particularly the 1874 model, was nicknamed "Old Reliable" for its accuracy and dependability. 

Favored by buffalo hunters for its long-range precision, the Sharps 1874 played a crucial role in the bison hunts of the 19th century. 


Its heavy barrel and large-caliber bullets were ideal for taking down large game at considerable distances, making it a significant tool in the westward expansion of the United States.

  • Caliber: Various, including .45-70 and .50-90 Sharps
  • Key Features: Single-shot, falling block action, available in barrel lengths up to 34 inches. The Sharps 1874 was famed for its long-range accuracy and was a preferred choice for buffalo hunters and sharpshooters.

Colt Paterson Revolver

The Colt Paterson, produced in the late 1830s, holds a special place in history as the first commercial repeating firearm employing a revolving cylinder with multiple chambers. 

Although less famous than later Colt models, the Paterson was revolutionary, offering a significant advantage in firepower over single-shot firearms of the time. 


It was a favorite among Texas Rangers and was instrumental in the early days of the Wild West, laying the groundwork for future revolver designs.

  • Caliber: .28 or .36
  • Key Features: Five-shot revolving cylinder, folding trigger, available in barrel lengths from 3 to 9 inches. The Paterson was revolutionary for its time, introducing a repeating mechanism that set the stage for future revolver designs.

Colt 1851 Navy Revolver

The Colt 1851 Navy Revolver, introduced in 1851, became a staple of the American Civil War and the Wild West. 



Known for its robust construction and .36 caliber firepower, it was used by legendary figures like Wild Bill Hickok and John Wesley Hardin. The 1851 Navy was favored for its balance and accuracy, and its distinctive octagonal barrel made it instantly recognizable. 

It remained popular for decades and was a symbol of rugged individualism in the American frontier.

  • Caliber: .36
  • Key Features: Six-shot cylinder, octagonal barrel, typically 7.5 inches in length. The 1851 Navy was known for its robustness and reliability, with a distinctive naval battle scene engraved on the cylinder.

Springfield Model 1866 Trapdoor Rifle

The Springfield Model 1866, known for its distinctive "trapdoor" breech-loading mechanism, was a significant advancement in rifle technology. 


This rifle was widely used by the U.S. Army during the Indian Wars and played a key role in the westward expansion. 

Its .50-70 caliber cartridge and improved firing rate over muzzle-loaded rifles made it a formidable weapon in the hands of soldiers and settlers on the Western frontier.

  • Caliber: .50-70 Government
  • Key Features: Single-shot, breech-loading, 36-inch barrel. This rifle marked a transition from muzzle-loading to breech-loading firearms in the U.S. Army, offering a significant improvement in rate of fire.

Spencer Repeating Rifle

The Spencer Repeating Rifle, with its innovative lever-action mechanism and tubular magazine, was a game-changer in the era of the Wild West. 



Introduced during the Civil War, it saw extensive use in the subsequent decades. Its ability to fire multiple rounds before needing to reload was revolutionary, giving Union troops a significant advantage. 

In the hands of settlers and lawmen in the Wild West, the Spencer was a powerful tool for defense and law enforcement.

  • Caliber: .56-56 Spencer
  • Key Features: Lever-action, tubular magazine with a seven-round capacity, 30-inch barrel. The Spencer was a technological marvel of its time, allowing for rapid successive shots without reloading after each fire.

Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver

The Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver was one of the most popular handguns of the 19th century. 



Designed for personal defense, it was small enough to be carried in a pocket, making it a favorite among civilians and travelers in the Wild West. 

Introduced in 1849, this .31 caliber revolver was reliable and easy to conceal, offering protection in the lawless regions of the American frontier.

  • Caliber: .31
  • Key Features: Five-shot cylinder, available with barrel lengths from 3 to 6 inches. This compact revolver was widely used for personal defense due to its size, reliability, and ease of concealment.

Coach Gun (Double-Barreled Shotgun)

The Coach Gun, a double-barreled shotgun, was an essential firearm in the Wild West for its defensive capabilities. 


Widely used by stagecoach guards, hence the name, it was effective at close range and could be devastating with its two-shot capacity. 

Its simplicity and reliability made it a preferred choice for personal defense in a land where law enforcement was often miles away.

  • Caliber: Typically 12 or 20 gauge
  • Key Features: Two side-by-side barrels, external hammers, typically 18 to 20-inch barrels. The Coach Gun was known for its simplicity, reliability, and effectiveness at close range, making it ideal for stagecoach defense.

Winchester Model 1866 Lever Action Rifle

The Winchester Model 1866, known as the "Yellow Boy" due to its brass frame, was a direct descendant of the Henry rifle and predecessor to the Model 1873. 

This lever-action rifle was celebrated for its improved firing mechanism and magazine capacity. 

It was a common sight in the hands of settlers, Native Americans, and outlaws, playing a pivotal role in the tales and struggles of the Wild West.

  • Caliber: .44 Henry
  • Key Features: Lever-action, a tubular magazine with a 17-round capacity, 24-inch barrel. Known as "Yellow Boy" for its brass frame, the Model 1866 was appreciated for its improved loading mechanism and high magazine capacity.

Remington Rolling Block Rifle

The Remington Rolling Block Rifle, renowned for its strong breech mechanism and accuracy, was a popular choice in the latter half of the 19th century. 

Its simple yet effective design made it reliable under harsh conditions, a vital trait in the untamed regions of the West. 

Used by various military personnel and civilians alike, it was a symbol of the technological advancements that shaped the era of westward expansion.

  • Caliber: Various, including .45-70 Government
  • Key Features: Single-shot, rolling block action, available in various barrel lengths. The Remington Rolling Block was known for its strong and simple breech mechanism, providing reliability under the rough conditions of the frontier.

The Gatling Gun

The Gatling Gun, invented by Dr. Richard J. Gatling in 1861, was one of the earliest forms of a rapid-fire weapon and a precursor to the modern machine gun. 

Unlike the single-shot rifles common in the Wild West, the Gatling Gun could fire continuously as its crank was turned. This innovation greatly increased the rate of fire compared to traditional firearms of the era. While it was not as widely used in the everyday life of the Wild West as revolvers and rifles, its presence was formidable. 


The Gatling Gun's ability to deliver sustained fire made it a significant tool in battles and was a symbol of the industrialization of warfare during the 19th century. Its use in the American West, particularly in conflicts with Native American tribes, marked a turning point in the balance of firepower during the era of westward expansion. 


Despite its limited use in civilian life, the Gatling Gun's technological innovation and its impact on warfare secure its place in the history of iconic guns of the Wild West.


  • Caliber: Typically .45-70 Government
  • Key Features: Multi-barreled design, crank-operated, capable of firing up to 200 rounds per minute. The Gatling Gun's innovation was in its ability to sustain rapid fire, a significant leap in firepower compared to contemporary single-shot firearms.

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Conclusion

Owning a Wild West gun is like holding a piece of American legend. Nowadays, finding these guns is easier, thanks to online marketplaces like ARMSLIST

Whether you're eyeing an authentic Colt Peacemaker or a modern replica, these sites are treasure troves for firearm collectors.

Original Wild West guns can be rare and pricey, but they're steeped in history. If you're after the look and feel without the antique price tag, replicas are your go-to. They mimic the classic designs but are more accessible.

Don't miss out on this opportunity to join a community that shares your passion for firearms and shooting. Become a member today!















 
created: 2/6/2024 12:05 PM in GEAR


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